This blog is devoted to the 2nd Queensland sideface stamps with the Queen's head in a coloured oval (1882-1895). It is a work in progress and aims for comprehensiveness. The stamps come from my and other collections, Ebay, and online auction catalogues. Use the pages, labels or the search function to search the blog.

Friday, June 2, 2017

Queensland 2 shilling brown covers

Most of these stamps, being of a very high value, were used for fiscal purposes. When used for postal purposes, it was mainly for parcels, but I am not aware of any of these surviving on cover. 

I have seen seven postally used examples on cover, one of which was used in British New Guinea, two that are decidedly philatelic in nature, two that are probably philatelic in nature, one that appears to be a forgery and one that is genuinely used for postal purposes. 

A stunning pair on cover from Brisbane to Germany dated 11 June 1909 which would indicate that it was of philatelic origin as these stamps were certainly not available at the Brisbane post office after 1902! Seen on Stampboards

Qld 2/- brown & SA 10d orange thin postage, cancelled with poor Sydney registered of 7MY12, on parcel wrapper piece to Birmingham, England, with Sydney red & black registration label & oval 'REGISTERED/21/7JU12/LONDON' (A2). Seen at Premier Postal auction no 69 lot no 1013. Obviously philatelic in nature given the location and the date

FORGERY. Ipswich registered letter to London dated July 1888. Total postage is 2s 10d. The registration fee was 4d. As the standard rate was 6d. it appears that the 2s was not required and has been added on afterwards. Further evidence of this is that the illegible barred numeral cancellation is facing the wrong way and has been added to with some extra lines where it joins the envelope

A registered cover with a Brisbane datestamp. Seen in a private collection and the only genuine non-philatelic postally used cover seen used in Queensland so far

Posted at Samurai, British New Guinea on 19 September 1899. Seen at Prestige Philately auction no 149 lot no 2028

Cover from Brisbane to Melbourne dated 21 June 1890. Ex Francis Kiddle. Possible philatelic use as it is hard to see how an envelope could attract such a high rate of postage and the use of the large chalon is also highly unusual

Registered cover from Melbourne to Austria dated 17 November 1913. Obviously philatelic

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Queensland 1d imperforate used (SG 187 a)

The 1d sideface (without the full stop after the penny) was issued from 1887 -1895, covering SG 179, 187, 202, 203 and 206. SG 179 (May 1887 - 1891) and SG 187 (1890 - 1894) are the same stamp with the same watermark but different perforations, which would be impossible to distinguish in an imperforate copy.

Stanley Gibbons only lists 187 as imperforate, SG 187a imperf (pair) which catalogs at 275 pounds mint and 300 pounds used (7th ed). SG 187 - 1d. vermilion red - was issued from 1890-1894 and has a watermark 6 (Crown over Q).

SG 202 and 203, (Feb 1895 - emergency printings when paper stocks ran low) have a different watermark (Crown and Q joined) and are on thick paper previously used for beer duty issues. I am not aware of any examples on the thick paper.

SG 206 (Feb 1895) is the burele band on the back (another emergency printing). Again I am not aware of any examples on this paper.

However several of the dates on the known Imperforate issues are October and November 1895. Scudder lists the latest date of issue for SG 187 as January 1895, a reddish orange shade and then in February 1895 a release of old stock in a deep orange shade.

In late February 1895 the 1d. with a clear background in the oval and no numerals (SG 210) was issued. Therefore the question can be asked as to why so many examples of a previous issue are dated from a time when these stocks had already been superseded by the new issue. An interesting question! How and why did a handful of these sheets appear at a handful of post offices after the issue had been superseded?

This stamp is very rare, but a number of examples exist. Ideally they should be collected as pairs or multiples otherwise one can never be sure if they are really imperf or just a perf issue cut down.

Scudder, Queensland postage stamps, p. 139, lists 16 examples known to him.

Here is Scudders list:

1 Used single, Reddish orange, dated 10 April 1889 (not seen by me)
2 Used single, shade of around June 1894, pale brownish orange, indecipherable numeral cancellation (not seen by me)
3 Used pair dated 7 November 1895 in the Royal Collection (not seen by me)
4 Used pair on piece with 1895 half penny numeral cancel 369 - Parliament House (image seen  by me)
5 Used single on cover, cancelled Parliament House 23 November 1895 (not seen by me)
6 Used pair on cover, cancelled Parliament House 23 November 1895 (image seen by me)
7 Other similarly used pairs and singles exist from Parliament House post office (three images seen by me)
8 Used pair cancelled 215 - South Brisbane (copy seen by me)
9 Used pair on piece, cancelled Helidon 22 December 1895 (image seen  by me)
10 Used pair with numeral cancellation 87, Eagle Junction (image seen  by me)
11 Used pair, orange shade (not seen by me).

Not listed by Scudder (and shown in this post):
1 1d dull orange Imperforate pair as SG 187a, Brisbane duplex cancels of JA12/95
2 1d. vermilion-red used Imperforate pair, cancelled "g.p.o." in oval of bars. S.G. 187a
3 3 covers with Imperforate pairs bn 131 Caboolture - October 1895 (?) (images seen by me)
4 Cover with Imperforate pair bn 369 Parliament House dated 24 October 1895
5 Cover with Imperforate pair bn 121 Clifton dated 18 November 1895
6 Cover with Imperforate pair bn 472 Woolloongabba dated 24 July 1893
7 1d. vermilion-red imperforate pair SG #187a, indistinct cancel
8 1d. Imperforate single, fiscal use, text is 20/5/9-, attach
9 1d. Imperforate single, indistinct ray cancellation
10 1d. Imperforate pair Brisbane registered cancel JX (January?) 31, 1894, sheet no 347
11 1d. 1d vermilion red, Imperforate pair (SG 187a), tied on piece along with ½d green, Brisbane circular datestamp, 25 Apr 1895 with partial London receiver.
12 1d. Imperforate single, Brisbane circular datestamp, 13 November 1890, in the L’Estrange Collection, Queensland Museum
13 1d. Imperforate pair, with what appears to be 2 cork type cancels. Seen in a private collection
14 1d. Imperforate single, indistinct barred numeral cancellation. Seen in a private collection
15 1d. Imperforate single, indistinct datestamp, probably Dirranbandi, in the collection of Dave Elsmore
16 1d. Imperforate single,barred numeral cancellation 226, Albion, in the collection of Dave Elsmore
17 1d. Imperforate single, indistinct datestamp and ray cancellations, possibly a Brisbane duplex cancellation, in the collection of Dave Elsmore
18 1d. Imperforate single with an 1890 Brisbane cancellation
19 1d. Imperforate pair with an 1884 Brisbane cancellation
20 1d. Imperforate single with numeral 369 Parliament House
21 1d. Imperforate pair with a possible indistinct crown seal cancel
22 1d. Imperforate single, indistinct ray cancellation
23 1d. Imperforate single, Reddish orange, dated May 1889

This post deals with used examples only, but mint examples also exist. My take on how to distinguish mint plate proofs from mint imperforate examples is as follows:

1 A watermarked and gummed paper example is an imperforate mint copy
2 An unwatermarked and ungummed example is a plate proof
3 A watermarked and ungummed example is a plate proof

So why do these copies exist? I think I can work out broadly what happened, based on the following 5 observations and given the caveat that several examples do not fit the timeline and therefore must have originated through different circumstances:

*Most of the known copies are mint
*Most of the known dates are October and November 1895, after this stamp had been superseded
*Most of the used examples come from one post office - Parliament House with the majority of the rest coming from the greater Brisbane area
*most of the used and mint examples are pairs - necessary to conclusively identify this issue as imperforate. This means people knew what they were doing and gives this issue a "philatelicaly contrived" flavour
*Imperforate issues cannot be bought at a post office unknowingly or by error. If a postal clerk tried to separate one of these stamps for sale they would very quickly know they were imperforate!

So, this is what I think broadly happened:

*Some sheets of this issue were left over and were, for whatever reason, never perforated.
* In October 1895 these sheets were made available in mint form, at Parliament House, either through the post office or to officers or members of the House. Most were kept in mint format by their owners / purchasers, either broken down into pairs or larger lots
*Some of these were later sent through the post, usually in pairs, for philatelic purposes at a number of post offices in and around Brisbane.

The covers and some used examples hold the key to their philatelic use. The bottom corner pair with the sheet no example is obviously for philatelic purposes. The address and names on the 7 covers I have seen could be telling as well. The addresses are;

*Mr D F Roberts, Plymleigh, Gladstone Rd, Brisbane - posted at Clifton, Brisbane on 18 November 1895
*Mr Robinson, Chatsworth, Union Terrace, George St, Brisbane - Posted at Caboolture, Brisbane on 30 October 1895 (x2)
*Mr J Robinson, Survey office, Brisbane, posted at Parliament House, Brisbane on 23 November 1895.
*Mr F Hadlow, Chatsworth, Union Terrace, George St, Brisbane - posted at Caboolture, Brisbane on date indistinct (possibly October 1895)
*Mr F Hadlow, Government Printing Office, Brisbane - posted at Parliament House, Brisbane on 24 October 1895 
*Miss M C Biggar, Gladstone Rd, Brisbane, posted at Woolloongabba, Brisbane on 24 July 1893

So these 7 all originated in Brisbane and were all addressed to Brisbane. According to Campbell, the town letter rate at this time was 1d., and these are all 2d., more evidence that these are philatelic covers!

I am also aware of an 8th cover in private hands which I have not seen. The address is Miss M C Biggar, Leichardt St Girls School, Brisbane, and the date is 15 May 1895. She was the recipient of an earlier cover as well, which given that she received one in 1895 as well, was probably also philatelically inspired

Looking at the linked names and addresses, there are obviously connections, although an internet search proved relatively elusive. I found Mr Hadlow advertising "Westralian stamps. Good prices for obsolete issues. F. Hadlow, George St Brisbane" in the West Australian of 1 October 1896, so as well as working at the Government Printing Office he was also evidently a stamp collector. On 22 and 23 February 1897 in the Brisbane Courier there is an advertisement as follows: "Australasian stamps wanted; all issues prior to 1880. F. Hadlow, Chatsworth, George street, Brisbane." Any further sleuthing would be appreciated!

On an unrelated note, some of the bisects seen for this issue, two of which are dated 16 October and 24 October 1895 at Parliament House, are probably also tied up with this fellow!

The only reference I could find in the literature was this: "A bouquet of Queenslanders", Australian Journal of Philately, 16 February 1905, pp. 54-5. It discusses the collection of W. Russell Wilkins and includes this comment:
"sheet of 120 1d. solid background, imperf, issued from the G.P.O, in 1894 (only three or four sheets supposed to have got out). This collection was bought by Leslie Hausberg later that year. Hausberg's collections were acquired by Stanley Gibbons in 1916.

Here are the examples I have seen. If you have any and would like them included for the sake of completeness, please contact me.

Queensland - The Alan Griffiths Collection at Spink auctions. 1309 - 1895 (18 Nov.) envelope from Clifton to Brisbane, bearing 1890-94 1d. vermilion-red horizontal pair, variety imperforate, neatly cancelled "121 in oval of bars and with part despatch c.d.s. at left, T.P.O. (18.11) and arrival c.d.s. (19.11) on reverse; envelope with vertical crease at centre, well clear of the pair. A rare apparent commercial use of this variety. S.G. 187a

Queensland - The Alan Griffiths Collection at Spink auctions. 1308 - 1895 (24 Oct.) envelope (flap missing) from Parliament House to The Government Printing Office, Brisbane, bearing 1d. vermilion-red horizontal pair, variety imperforate, neatly cancelled "369" in oval of bars and with despatch c.d.s. alongside, arrival c.d.s. (24.10) on reverse

Prestige Philately auction no 88 lot no 1895 cvr to Brisbane (b/s) with very fine 1d imperforate pair tied by two very fine strikes of Rays '131' of Caboolture (fair cds alongside). Outstanding quality. Realised $1600

890-94 Lined-Oval Wmk 2nd Crown/Q Perf 12½,13 1d vermilion-red (colour changeling) Imperforate pair SG #187a tied by twin strikes of Rays '131' cancel to 1896 (Oct 30) cover from Caboolture to Brisbane (arrival backstamp), small section of back flap missing. Extremely rare on cover, Cat £325 (off cover). Seen at Phoenix Auction no 59 lot no 980. Realised $675

Prestige Philately 96/527 (Colonel Evans) - 1895 cover to "Survey Office/Brisbane" with 1d Imperforate SG 187a horizontal pair (creased before being affixed) tied by BN '369' & 'PARLIAMENT HOUSE/NO23/95/QUEENSLAND' cds, reduced at base and a little soiled. Realised $1,200

Premier Philately 101/251 - 1896 cover to Brisbane (b/s) with Lined Background 1d imperforate pair SG 187a tied by very fine Rays '131' of 'CABOOLTURE' (cds alongside), fold at left & minor blemishes. Ex Moya Land.. Estimate $600
Also Premier Philately 97/1082 - 1896 cover to Brisbane (b/s) with Lined Background 1d imperforate pair SG 187a tied by very fine Rays '131' of 'CABOOLTURE' (cds alongside), fold at left & minor blemishes. Realised $717. It then turned up at Millennium Auctions no 9 lot no 799, 890-94 1d Vermilion-Red, 'Imperforate pair', SG 187a, tied to 1896 (30th Oct) cover used Caboolture to Brisbane, filing crease at left. Very rare on cover, Estimate: $500 Realised Price : $380

1 d. vermilion-red, a fine imperforate pair used on 1893 cover to Brisbane, cancelled by "472" numeral obliterator with corresponding 'Woolloongabba' despatch datestamp at left (June 24). Minor envelope imperfections but a scarce usage of the variety on letter £325 off cover. Seen at Corinphila auction 2017. Realised 360 Swiss Francs

1890-94 1d Vermilion-Red pair 'Imperforate', SG 187a, tied to piece by two strikes of 'R' within oval

Queensland - The Alan Griffiths Collection at Spink auctions. 1303 - 1d. vermilion-red mint and used horizontal pairs, both variety imperforate, the first fine with large part original gum, the latter (horizontal crease at foot) each cancelled "g.p.o." in oval of bars. S.G. 187a, £575. In my collection

Imperforate pair with what appear to be cork type cancels. From the collection of Carl Burnett 

Indistinct barred numeral cancel. From the collection of Carl Burnett 

Prestige auction no 146 lot no 1131 Manning collection 1d dull orange Imperforate Pair as SG 187 a but in an unlisted shade, margins good to huge, Brisbane duplex cancels of JA12/95 (?), Cat £200+realised $240

Phoenix Auction no 12 lot no 738, 1890 1 d. vermilion, and showing how difficult it is to be certain whether or not a single copy is imperforate. It certainly appears imperforate. The text is 20/5/9-, attach

A 1d imperforate example dated 13 November 1890 and housed in the L'Estrange Collection, Queensland Museum, Brisbane

1890-94 Type '12' & New Designs 1890-94 1d Imperforate SG 187a horizontal pair with light BN '215'. Prestige auction 96 lot 408 (Colonel Harrie Evans)

1890-94 Type '12' & New Designs 1890-94 1d Imperforate SG 187a pair tied to piece by Rays '72' of 'HELIDON'. Prestige auction 96 lot 408 (Colonel Harrie Evans)

Brisbane registered cancel JX (January?) 31, 1894

1d Imperforate horizontal pair with light BN 87 (Eagle Junction). From the collection of Dr Andrew Mortlock

3 single 1d imperforate examples from the collection of Dave Elsmore. One has what is probably a Dirrabandi cancel, one is barred numeral 226 Albion, and the third one has what appears to be an indistinct Brisbane duplex cancel 

Barred numeral 369, Parliament House

1d. fine used IMPERF PAIR 369 Parliament House. Seen on Ebay

1d vermilion red, imperf (SG 187a), pair, tied on piece along with ½d green, Brisbane circular datestamp, 25 Apr 1895 with partial London receiver. Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions The "Grahway'" Collection of Australia, Australian States, New Zealand & Dependencies #658. In my collection

1d vermilion-red imperforate pair SG #187a, margins shaved/cut into (at right) to good, indistinct cancels, Cat £300

Seen on Ebay

1d. imperforate pair barred numeral 369 Parliament House. In my collection

Here are two more examples (one single and one pair) from a West Brisbane Stamp Sales auction catalog no 48 dated 12 August 1983 nos 1556 and 1557. Very poor black and white photos scanned in but both appear to be postmarked Brisbane (one 1890, the other 1884) and not listed by Scudder

Another used single, numeral 369 of Parliament House. Probably not seen by Scudder as it was purchased from Portugal through Ebay. In my collection

1d. Imperforate pair with a a possible but indistinct crown seal cancel, perhaps Parliament House. Seen at Spink Auction: 16030  lot no 1162. Ex Butler and Griffiths

1d. used with an Indistinct barred numeral cancel. Watermarked. From my collection. Probably not seen by Scudder

1d. Imperforate single, Reddish orange, dated May 1889. Seen on Ebay. Not seen by Scudder

Monday, January 21, 2013

Queensland 1 shilling mauve beer duty paper article extract

This is an extract from "Queensland Philatelic Fragments" by Samuel Dalby that appeared in the Philatelic Journal of Great Britain from 1913-15. This extract relating to the Queensland 1 Shilling Beer Duty Paper appeared on January 20 1915, p. 4.

One Shilling, Beer-duty Paper

Though sheets had been supplied to the Parcels Post branch during the last week of August, and dealers had also been able to obtain limited quantities at the Accountant’s  office during September, the one shilling on thick paper was first purchasable by the general public at the stamp counter, Brisbane, on 15th October, 1895. Whilst the writer would hardly go so far as to stigmatise this emission as unnecessary, its sale was certainly strung out for a period which was quite unwarranted by the small quantity printed; it was sold intermittently with the regular paper until late in 1897, a period of over two years.

The shilling on beer-duty paper was printed in pale mauve from the 1883 plate or a reconstruction of that plate. At column 1, line 12 (No. III), was a small white horseshoe-shaped defect which twice cut the dotted border and the outer white oval just above the O of “one"; that and three or four other, less prominent, varieties all appeared in the bottom line, not alone on the beer-duty paper, but also on the normal paper printings of about the same time. In a large unused block from the upper half of a sheet on normal wmk. paper. I found at column 1, line 2 (No. 11) a similar, but not quite identical, horseshoe flaw which did not appear on the beer-duty paper. The writer having no means of fixing the date of this block of stamps, he cannot opine if the fault developed after the printing on beer-duty paper, or if it existed prior to 1895 and had been eliminated by substituting a new cliché of four stamps. 

It may be remarked that both these "horseshoe " damages happened on a type Ill. stamp; one on lower left, the other on upper left, corner block of four. In the thick paper emission on line 4, column 7 (No. 37), the foot of the letter L closely approached the A of " Queensland," in some specimens the letters touched at points; an additional mark of identification was that the second dot in the outer border (above the centre of letter S of "Queensland") had a smaller white dot surmounting it. In the succeeding printing on ordinary crown over Q paper, the LA of this stamp (No. 37), became quite joined similarly to the well known type Il. variety of the 1d., 2d., 5d., and 2/-, but in the solitary specimen of 1/-, the variety occurred on a stamp of type III. In cliché No. 9. owing to the close spacing of the shilling stamps not fitting the Buncle No. 1 comb machine, they were perforated I2 with the Hughes & Kimber single line machine.

Monday, November 26, 2012

Queensland 1 shilling synopsis

Issue date
Scott No
Robson Lowe No
Price Mint £ 2012 SG cat
Price Used £ 2012 SG cat
1 shilling
6 (Crown above Q)
12 line
6 Feb 1883
De La Rue
1 shilling
6 (Crown above Q)
12 line
De La Rue

1 shilling
Deep mauve
6 (Crown above Q)
12 line

De La Rue

1 shilling
Pale mauve
6 (Crown above Q)
12 line

De La Rue

1 shilling
6 (Crown above Q)
9.5, 12.75
De La Rue

1 shilling
10 (Crown joined to Q)
12 line
Aug 1895
Thick (Beer duty) paper

SG 205 was printed from the February 1883 plate. 32,400 were printed and 30,000 were issued from August to October 1895.

SG 172 and SG 174 were printed on Cowan paper from mid 1896 onwards.

Stocks of the 1 shilling reportedly lasted until 1897 although I have seen later dates:

 Texas, 4 July 1901

2 examples from Mackay, dated 2 March 1899 and presumably on the same letter / parcel. Note how they both have fiscal cancels, which from their appearance someone has tried to remove. Not sure how it got through the post office, unless done per favour by the postal clerk on duty!